Shivamogga is essentially an agrarian
district, with not just its economy but
its whole society being largely defined
by the seasons and success of
agriculture. About 70% of the district's
workforce is engaged in the agricultural
sector which contributes about 70% of
the district's income.
Known the world over, historically, for
its production and processing of areca
nut (borne by the betel palm Areca
Catechu), Shivamogga is also the rice bowl
of Karnataka. The other principal crops
include ragi, jowar and maize; ground
nut and sunflower; red gram and Bengal
gram; sugar cane, cotton and tobacco.
Many varieties of fruit, vegetables and
spices are also grown in the district.
About two-thirds of the area is under
cereals, pulses and oilseeds occupying
Shivamogga is today a leading academic
centre of Karnataka, and features
leading institutions in almost all major
disciplines. There are hundreds of good
primary schools throughout the district,
and many widely reputed colleges such as
the Sahyadri College and those run by
the National Educational Society, Deshiya Vidya Shala Education Society
and Christians' Education Society. It
now has engineering, agricultural,
dental, pharmacy, management, education,
law and other professional colleges as
also many ploytechnics including the
Government Women's Polytechnic, noted
for its computer diploma course. There
is an Ayurvedic college, a homescience
college, several I.T.Is and a range of
professional and technical institutions.
Above all and as a jewel in the crown,
Shivamogga is the center of Kuvempu
University in 1987.